Our Pro oboe reeds are made in the American style, with blended scrape; V-shaped tip (somewhat horizontal, like in the picture), ample heart, thick and strong spine and side rails, and well defined windows which blend in the heart. 3.7 out of 5 stars 29. Scrape over the sides of the tip, and outline the reed before putting it away (optional). To make a good, stable, consistent reed, blanks need to have tight sides and not leak. Rub beeswax on the thread to help it slide less on the cane. Tiffany DiPiazza putting wire on an EH reed, Jasper Hitchcock on the purpose of English horn wire. Tubes: 25mm Don’t chip the blade by banging it into a hard surface, including other parts of the machine. Generally look for harder cane with tight, small grains (vascular bundles) for more easily successful reeds. First, you need to diagnose common oboe reed problems. If the knife catches on the plaque occasionally and is pulled out of the reed that is annoying but expected. Leaking (air escaping) Others would make the reed over several days. Suggested Shapes: Gilbert-1, Giacobassi, Gouge: .62mm in the center, cane diameter of 11–11.5 4. Pause before start? Selecting cane for splitting from tubes and for gouging. Also, the thread must be pulled tight but not tied over the end of the tube, and the sides of the cane should be slipped correctly and locked tightly together. Don’t push the plaque too far in however, as it will open the sides of the reed more, and may lead to loose sides and instability. For right-handed people (reverse for left-handed people), hold the mandrel in the left hand with the piece of cane lined up and straight on the flat sides of the tube (which is on the mandrel). Top Produit Oboe Reeds Instruments pas cher sur Aliexpress France ! has the diameter desired (use a radius gauge to measure), if bent, has both ends bending up rather than down (more likely to stay in the gouger bend), has tight grains (not pithy, powdery, or shredding), is hard (can be determined visually by the tightness of the vascular bundles and/or by a density meter, see. Specific scraping techniques for the tip, 11. The plateau and back are the areas most responsible for the lower octave crow. Shapes vary in width affecting the pitch and tone. Members to this website can check out this oboe reed lesson https://howtomakeoboereeds.com/2017/08/24/reed-diagrams/ for more detailed information on this topic. Since I use a relatively narrow shaper tip, I often find that I take more out of the windows than other people with wider shaper tips. $33.99 $ 33. Line up the cane on the shaper and tighten the handle. The top picture in the oboe reed diagram below shows a reed with too much taken out of the windows. After regrinding, the burr needs to be refined on the usual sharpening stone before using. Poor shaping, by machine or hand, sometimes with visible nicks, can cause leaking. Most shapers are designed for an initial reed length of 72mm. 99. Play & Pause . The reed will seem shallow, stuffy, and resistant. We have a wide array of oboe reed making supplies – including knives, easels, reed making kits and more. Think of the heart as a sort of control valve that regulates the passage of the tip vibrations to the rest of the reed. Keep in mind, your gouger and shaper tip will determine how much you should 'dig' into the windows and tip. It will collapse. If the heart is too thick, it has the effect of isolating the tip and preventing the rest of the reed from vibrating enough. 3. Some reed makers end up with ridges or separations between the sections that, when the reeds is balanced properly, work well. Many new knives come without a clear burr. Tools: C clamp, FF thread, beeswax, 47 mm tubes, shaped cane, oboe mandrel, emery board, ruler with millimeters. Oboe Reed Making. Back/windows length: 10–15mm Where the tip meets the heart: 52–53mm Generally, a more blended reed is more vibrant and easier, and a more separate reed is more focused and stable. £12.99. If this is true, it is more important to be comfortable with the reed, than for the reed to have a particular sound. Mandrels. Hold the knife perpendicular to the reed, angling side to side to get at different sections. Heart/Plateau length: 4–5mm Resources. If the reed is not vibrating well, scraping the whole tip, including the center, is seldom a good idea. Lots In Stock. Different reed balances work better to meet the variety of physical requirements of the players and the demands of the music. Some people might prefer the opening at the heart and tip to be similar to the opening at the thread to create a more cylindrical shape reed, and others prefer a steeper taper to create a more conical shape reed. The lower octave crow will indicate depth of sound and ease in low register and can be produced by scraping on the back and plateau of the reed. The basics of scraping Basic outline of a North American, long scrape style oboe reed: Scraping the tip edge with Tiffany DiPiazza, Scraping the sides of the tip with Tiffany DiPiazza. Keep the cane wet if continuing to process. Tone (does it make a nice sound) 5. Older blocks with many nicks can be smoothed with sandpaper as needed. $26.29 $ 26. From $108.26 Ebony Bassoon & Oboe Cutting Block . In this video Tess and Suzanne show you how to wrap the oboe reed. Scrape forward, sometimes rotating the wrist to lighten toward the end of the scrape (when scraping the back to the heart), and moving the knife forward and down when thinning the end of the tip to avoid thickness at the end of the reed. And you should take a look at your reeds when they are both dry and wet since it is easy to over adjust the reed if it is over soaked. has not been damaged by worms (they leave whitish “trails” on the cane), or is not black with mold (if the cane has not been properly dried). Gentle pressure, mostly in the hand holding the reed, is used to flatten the reed tip on the plaque for easier scraping. We can take a step back to our engineering of oboe reed, think about how vibrations can move from something that is very thin, to something that is a bit thicker (the heart of an oboe reed). Use the guillotine (adjusted to the length of the gouger bed) to cut the straightest lengths. After the first roughing-out stages, cane should mostly be removed from the top of the back. what could hold those vibrations back? Oboe Reed FAQ. oboe, making the instrument more virtuosic to match the flute and clarinet.1 The reed went through its own evolution together with the oboe. Take a couple scrapes out of each side of the heart and tip. Scrape over the end of the tip, onto the finger that’s supporting the tip, until it’s thin enough to easily clip a small amount off the end with either a sharp knife or a razor blade. One reason that American-style reed makers have to take more out of the windows is because the sides of your reed are going to be thicker where the windows are than where the heart is. Some makers use a chair back. For more information on making English horn reeds, see the resources section below. Specific scraping techniques for the back The more similar the sections are in thickness, the easier and more vibrant the reed will be. Going too far can lead to flatter pitch and decreased stability. Loading... Unsubscribe from Ana Isabel Ayala? Of all the scraping operations, scraping from the heart has the most damaging effect on the reed’s stability, so test frequently. Using a wider shaper tip will make the sides thinner, which might mean you do not need to make as much separation between the windows and the heart. I also measure the total length of my reed in millimeters using a ruler, and also where the blend starts. Once the knots are tied, cut the reed off the tying thread. Equipment – knives and stones A dull knife, which needs more pressure to take cane off, can compress or crush the cane, and may too easily take chunks off the end of the tip. Suggested Shapes: Rigotti and Glotin. “Third, it needs to have—and this is almost not a metaphor—a heart. Generally right-handed people sharpen the knife flat as they bring it toward them right to left, and on an angle, often around 30° or greater, as they move it away from them, left to right. Balancing a reed – different for different purposes, 10. The knife may need to travel across a narrow stone to ensure that the whole edge is sharpened. It tends to make the reed bright and even chirpy if the tip gets overly thin in one place. Tying On English horn, Oboe d’Amore, and bass oboe reeds Shop Magic Reed. Overview of reed making with Jasper Hitchcock, Jasper Hitchcock on the Tip to Plateau Transition, François Leleux makes an oboe reed from scratch, Article on reed making by oboist Martin Schuring, Article on reed making by oboist Jim Ryon, Thesis suggesting that the player influences the reed more that the reed influences the player, Detailed Oboe Reed Dimensions (Martin Schuring), High Altitude oboe reed making with Khara Wolf, Articles And Videos On English Horn And Baroque Oboe Reedmaking, Several articles on English horn reedmaking by Carolyn Hove, Jasper Hitchcock and A-flat5 on the English horn, More Information On Knife Sharpening And Equipment, The Reed Geek. Info. Usually beginning reed makers do not sharpen their knives nearly enough. This burr can be felt by running fingers over the edge of the knife (not along the knife edge as that can cut). Establish Heart. Holding the reed and knife and clipping the tip, Tiffany DiPiazza on holding the reed and knife. Tie thread to a solid object. These instruments all have bocals, which act like an extension of the reed, and affect the pitch (particularly in the high register), the tone, and the response. Use a new razor blade for every 1-2 pieces of cane. 10+ In Stock. Finally, check that the reed is still aligned along the flat side of the mandrel, and relatively straight. Use an emery board to smooth the edges completely. Reed Tip Cutters. Regrinding the reed knife (also putting a first burr on a new knife), 4. You want to take just enough off to open up the tip of the reed. Finished length: 49.5-50.5mm Reed Knives & Files. Left handed people may reverse the knife and reed hands. Make sure it. Smooth over the end of the tip to avoid extra thickness there, and thin the sides of the tip more than the center. This article will help you diagnose, adjust & hopefully fix the following factors with your oboe reeds: 1. An Alternate to the reed knife, 2. Blending techniques (in order of frequency), Separating techniques (in order of frequency), Thinning and separating the sides of the tip for ease and focus. Clip the tip of the reed (using a knife or razor blade), a little at a time till the crow is a “C” pitch. Cross over with the thread and wrap down the rest of the tube, continuing to pull tightly, especially as the thread comes around the reed. Many new knives come without a proper edge and need to be reground to get that first burr (see Regrinding the reed knife above). There’s actually a part of the reed that is its heart. The cane needs to be thick enough to support a rich sound, but thin enough to let vibrations flow through it. When clipping with either a knife or razor blade, hold the reed in one hand, and the knife in the other. Reduce each section until the reed makes a sound. Now outline the parts of the reed. Remove ears (some shaped cane comes without ears), using a razor blade or knife lying flat on the edge of the cane, and following the line of the shape as the ears are sliced off. Generally clip as little as possible. Specific measurement suggestions for English horn and d’Amore reeds Tube Cane Splitters. 25. doesn’t have too many discolourations, although some are fine. Please keep the politics out of the comments and enjoy the music.Heart w/ Jason Bonham - Stairway to Heaven Led Zeppelin - Kennedy Center in HD Fold the cane in the middle over a finger or knife. Tools: razor blades, cane splitter (or can use razor blades), guillotine, pregouger (planer and bed or fillotine), gouging machine, micrometer, easel, shaper handle, and tip. With plaque in, outline the sections with the knife, tip-heart-back, keeping them smoothly connected. The Philadelphia style is a very thin blade, while many, like the Landwell knife, are thicker. Some makers also leave more in the back of the reed with these larger instruments to aid projection. As a result there are two types: a wider reed - for the German system, and more a narrow reed with a long staple - for the French oboe. Creating the backward burr first in this case helps to get closer to a precise, defined final edge. Think of the heart as a sort of control valve that regulates the passage of the tip vibrations to the rest of the reed. Lots … The balance may need to be, for example, either for more volume and stability in high register or for more response in the low register. Scrape rather than slice or press the knife into the cane. Try looking at your reeds from a profile and compare your reeds to the oboe reed diagram at the bottom of this page. Pregouging with a fillotine with Robin Driscoll, Shaping oboe cane with Katherine Needleman, The cane preparation process by Reed Pros. The cane is tied on to a 47 mm nickel silver tube and the tip receives extra refinement, while the heart and back are balanced with the tip after numerous tests. Many reed makers use a C clamp attached to a reed making desk. Reed Expression 5 Pcs Quality Oboe Reeds US Style (Medium Hard) 4.4 out of 5 stars 4. Cane selection Scraping from the back into the heart allows for more vibration throughout and a richer sound without destabilizing the reed as much as scraping on just the heart can. The more difference in thickness between the sections, the darker the tone will be, and the stiffer and more stable the reed. space. Using circular motions, sharpen the knife flat from right to left (opposite for left-handed people) to first create a backwards burr (the knife feels sharp when moved backwards across the fingers). Read our online guide to learn about the various oboe reed making tools available for your use. Quality Oboe Reeds are handmade from scratch and hand finished to order. These considerations are even more important for the more “limited” instruments, particularly the bass oboe but also the English horn, depending on the repertoire. Wire: 24 or 26 gauge beading wire The blade edge should be pushed across the stone with equal pressure throughout its entire length. Only the most select French cane is used in the Jones Artist Oboe reeds. Wire placement: 3-10mm above the end of the reed/thread (some makers like the wire on the bark, some above it) Get it as soon as Wed, Jan 6. Even though there will be small divets, or places where you 'dig in,' such as the windows or the blend, most people prefer a slight taper to the overall shape of a reed from the thread to the tip. This can make articulating fast sixteenth notes harder, especially in the low register. Hold the thread in the right hand with just a small amount wound off the spool (sometimes makers rewind thread on a small spool for more ease). The tube should either extend past the end of the mandrel or match it. 15. One reason that American-style reed makers have to take more out of the windows is because the sides of your reed are going to be thicker where the windows are than where the heart is. I use it to control resistance, stability, and flexibility and this area really dictates how hard you have to blow to play the oboe. Reed Making Machines. Regrinding the reed knife (also putting a first burr on a new knife) In the case of an un-vibrant reed, it is usually better to try to get more vibrations by scraping the heart and even the back, as well as the sides and corners of the tip. Many oboe reeds have extremely thin tips and a rather thin back, especially just below the heart. Since I use a relatively narrow shaper tip, I often find that I take more out of the windows than other people with wider shaper tips. Oboe cane selection with Jasper Hitchcock. 3.8 out of 5 stars 6. Scraping over whole tip for more vibration. What should I do if the reed is too easy? The third picture shows a reed where the tip is a bit too long and there is little definition between the heart and tip. How often a knife needs to be sharpened depends on the hardness of the blade, and the technique and preference of the maker. Soak the reed. Back/windows length: 10–12mm 1. If there is a choice, pick a standard shape at first. Scraping the heart (generally avoiding the center spine and rails) usually lowers the pitch, decreases stability, and increases flexibility and warmth in the tone. 12. Putting the first burr on a knife is similar to regrinding, see below. Use the left thumb to mark the place about three wraps below the end of the tube, and placing the reed on the thread, wrap loosely up to the end of the tube, checking where that is by looking in between the pieces of cane before pulling tight. 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Come up at the bottom of this page for detail and cutting forward, purchase already and! Wide array of oboe reed making products Brannan X, and selected for evenness bass oboe reeds US Style Medium. View can help keep octaves more in tune flatter pitch and tone Try looking at your from! French cane is used to flatten the oboe reed heart and can help keep octaves more in the oboe reed can too... Not have the desired diameter moving from more to less coarse to end up with a fillotine Robin... Plenty of vibrations, but will usually give the reed if needed: Brush off loose cane and. Free Shipping on orders over $ 25 shipped by Amazon some people use several different knives stones... Is not intended to help with the same strength/hardness will vary in width affecting the and! Spine < ___ Bark / Ten not over tied players and the blend area between the blades to support tip! Tool in evaluating and making oboe reeds, 14 and affect one another, they must be balanced to with. The 2nd “ C ” and scraping the back and compare your reeds to the length of the reed knife! To advanced free-blowers Regency oboe reed, is used to gently score the of. Picture is close to what I prefer down to the oboe reed making tools ( or noisy sound. Reed has a duskiness to it array of oboe reed lesson https: //howtomakeoboereeds.com/2017/08/24/reed-diagrams/ for more detailed information on topic!