The 1855 earthquake is the most severe earthquake to have occurred in New Zealand since systematic European colonisation began in 1840. The slip is still visible today along the Hutt Road. Wellington cafe culture. In July 1866 she was burnt to the ground but by December the same year she was back operating. Among the effects of the earthquake was a new shoreline which increased the city’s footprint and made the Hutt Valley more accessible. Captain William Mein Smith’s 1840 plan for Wellington. The first movement took place at about twenty minutes to five o’clock in the morning of the 26th May; the second about an hour later. Arrived in Wellington in 1840 as a surveyor with New Zealand Company. It lies on the shores and hills surrounding Wellington Harbour (Port Nicholson), an almost landlocked bay that is ranked among the world’s finest harbours. © Crown Copyright. It was the site of the original settlement in 1840, which grew into Wellington. 1840; 1843 in New Zealand ... News that the Borough of Wellington has been declared illegal by the British Government reaches Wellington in late September. Between 1840–2017 there were 132 earthquakes that were large enough to have the potential to cause fatalities. They were later fully drained and the reclaimed land was built on. Earthquakes have played a major part in forming the whole Wellington region. badly damaged. On 23 January 1855, Wellington was rocked by the strongest earthquake recorded in New Zealand. To emigrants from England, earthquakes were an unexpected part of life in their new homeland. The earthquake was caused by movement along at least 140 kilometres of the Wairarapa Fault, along the eastern edge of the Rimutaka Range. Goh. Plots for the first settlement had sold out even before the first English ships arrived. This extract from the New Zealand Gazette of 30 May 1840 summarises their impressions. Ref #: 1/2-003924-G Collection of negatives, prints and albums PAColl-3043] Landslip caused by earthquake near Wellington, New … Raupo to Deco: Wellington Styles and Architects 1840-1940 By Geoff Mew & Adrian Humphris (Steele Roberts Aotearoa, $69.95) ... A reputation for damaging earthquakes combined with a lack of local building stone has meant that most Wellington homes are built of wood. Earthquake casualties have been estimated for two situations, (i) scenario events on the Wellington Fault, and (ii) probabilistically, for all significant earthquake sources in New Zealand. The southern end of the Remutaka Range rose by over 6 metres, but the uplift decreased westward to near zero along the west coast of the Wellington peninsula. The 1855 ("Wairarapa") earthquake occurred on a fault line to the east of urban Wellington, running along the Rimutaka Range. Welcome to the Wellington pages of the New Zealand GenWeb Project. the 1848 earthquake in alarming terms: ‘the town of Large landslips had swept down the sides of the Rimutaka Ranges, and there were gaping fissures (cracks) in the Wairarapa Plain, some up to 5 metres deep. the fault, land moved as much as 8 metres horizontally. Wellington is in a fault zone and has survived several earthquakes. and masonry buildings, many chose to replace them with wooden Videos Nine days apart Were the Japan and Kaikoura earthquakes related? Only the Wairarapa fault has ruptured since European settlement (since circa A.D. 1840). first few days of frightening tremors, whalers from Cloudy On average that is seven to eight earthquakes each decade. Since 1840, several major quakes have disrupted towns and cities, and caused injury and death..." Geonet — the 1855 Wairarapa earthquake "The 1855 earthquake is the most severe … colonists abandoning the country’. Wellington is in ruins … Terror and dismay reign everywhere Wellington Harbour is the large natural harbour on the southern tip of New Zealand's North Island.New Zealand's capital city, Wellington, is located on its western side.The harbour, the sea area bounded by a line between Pencarrow Head to Petone foreshore, was officially named Port Nicholson, until it assumed its current name in 1984. were lost. gloom, fearing that his descriptions would deter new Land also shifted over 18 metres horizontally along the … Fatalities directly or indirectly attributed to New Zealand earthquakes in the time period 1840–2017 inclusive were identified and classified by context and cause of death. The moment magnitude is estimated to have been in the range 8.2–8.3, the most powerful recorded in New Zealand since systematic European colonisation began in 1840. Major aftershocks on 17 and 19 October brought down a Quoted in Rodney Grapes, Timothy Little and Gaye Some of the major events that occurred in Wellington city between 1890 and 1918. Articles Earthquakes and volcanoes Relationship between earthquakes and volcanoes. Soon after the first settlers arrived in Wellington in early 1840 they felt small earthquakes. In 1893, the parliament in Wellington passed th e 'Electoral Act 1893' which made New Zealand the world's first country to give women the vote. It was closely followed by the Oriental, the Duke of ... there was a huge 8.2 earthquake along the Palliser Bay fault … the following from NZETC was written about 1928 ... Lambton Quay extends from Lambton Railway Station to the Bank of New Zealand corner, and is named after the Earl of Durham, who took such an active part in the affairs of the settlement, and whose family name was Lambton. This extract from the New Zealand Gazette of 30 May 1840 summarises their impressions. Kiwi scientists have made history by discovering a new Alpine Fault earthquake and are now investigating whether a "bend" might protect Wellington and Marlborough in the next big shake. Many people in Wellington described these Explore the history of the Wellington history by taking an historical tour or explore the museums and geological features yourself. minutes. injured on 17 October, when the brick wall of a damaged See Dictionary of New Zealand Biography / Scholefield Volume 2 p 148. Information for earthquakes before 1840 are later estimates. Lieutenant Governor Edward Eyre described the effects of Mindful of the severe damage to brick Swamps partly dried out as a result of the quake. Wellington suffered serious damage in a series of earthquakes in 1848 and from another earthquake in 1855. minutes, and was followed by strong vibrations for 10 2 August: The New Zealand Colonist and Port Nicholson Advertiser ceases publishing after one year. The 1929 Arthur’s Pass and Murchison earthquakes, The 2010 Canterbury (Darfield) earthquake, Personal stories of the 2010–11 Canterbury earthquakes, Personal stories of earthquakes since 1942, Next: Page 3. Mount Victoria rises Everybody seems immediately to have had suggested to their minds that it was an earthquake. Back: History of Wellington; 1890 - 1918. Wellington (Māori: Te Whanganui-a-Tara [tɛ ˈfaŋanʉi a taɾa]) is the capital city of New Zealand.It is located at the south-western tip of the North Island, between Cook Strait and the Remutaka Range.Wellington is the major population centre of the southern North Island, and is the administrative centre of the Wellington Region, which also includes the Kapiti Coast and the Wairarapa.It is the … Wellington is prone to earthquakes because it rests on the point where two tectonic plates meet. 1840: European settlement begins. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. In Wellington, close to the epicenter, shaking lasted for at least 50 seconds. The Thistle Inn was built in 1840. she is the oldest hotel in NZ still trading from the original site. Wellington city centre is renowned for its flourishing café scene and the culture it inhabits. these minor tremors caused no damage, people were Wellington history is long and colourful, combining natural and cultural historical events, legends and landscapes. Soon after the first settlers arrived in Wellington in early 1840 they felt small earthquakes. 2, Eileen McSaveney, 'Historic earthquakes - The 1848 Marlborough earthquake', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/historic-earthquakes/page-2 (accessed 16 December 2020), Story by Eileen McSaveney, published 12 Jun 2006, reviewed & revised 28 Mar 2011, updated 1 Nov 2017. [Denton, Frank J, 1869-1963. The basis of the modern-day waterfront area was shaped by changes that occurred in the 1970s - 1980s. October 16 Marlborough earthquake. Surprisingly, only three people died in the 1848 tremors. … increasing to earthquake shocks every few minutes. All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. Shops along the beach front at Lambton Quay (now on reclaimed land 200m from the shore) were inundated with waves about 1.4-2.4m above sea level at the time immediately after or during the earthquake. Services provided include passports, citizenship and birth, death and marriage registration, lottery and community grants, charities registration, gambling and censorship regulation, internet safety, antispam, local government, ethnic affairs, support services to the executive, and information and communication technology services for all of government. editorials blasted Eyre’s catalogue of desolation and It’s Our Fault is jointly funded by New Zealand’s Earthquake Commission, Accident Compensation Corporation, Wel- lington City Council, Wellington Region Emergency Management Group, and Greater Welling-ton Regional Council. February 2011 Christchurch earthquake. This extract from the New Zealand Gazette of 30 May 1840 summarises their impressions. 1 Angry newspaper Although it was centred in the Awatere valley in the Marlborough district of the South Island, it caused substantial damage in the Wellington area, and was felt from Hawke’s Bay to Canterbury. Details; History; Story; Technical; Tsunami; ... Wellington, looking south from Brandon's Corner 1860. At one end is the Michael Fowler Centre close to the harbour, and the other end is close to Aro Valley and at the base of the Mt Cook and Brooklyn hills. There are several "quays" which are now nowhere near the harbour. The harbour's former name was 'Port Nicholson' and the smaller bay surrounded by the city is called 'Wellington' or 'Lambton Harbour'. Also, the 1848 earthquake – the first since European settlement in 1840 – had caused a number of deaths in buildings that incorporated brickwork. night aboard ships in the harbour. The Basin Reserve is now a cricket ground. brick chimneys. The rise of coffee houses in the 1940s, 50s and 60s was not a phenomenon confined to Wellington, or indeed to New Zealand. Lambton Quay is named after John Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham, the first chairman of directors of the New Zealand Company. Lambton Quay, Willis Street and Courtenay Place form what is known locally as the Golden Mile. The street is named after an early New Zealand Company settler ship, the Cuba, which arrived in Wellington Harbour on 3 January 1840. Earthquakes Edit. The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake occurred on 23 January at about 9 p.m., affecting much of the Cook Strait area of New Zealand, including Marlborough in the South Island and Wellington and Wairarapa in the North Island. Movement on a fault in Palliser Bay caused the earthquake, which struck at 9.11 p.m. and lasted for 50 seconds. ... (196 metres) near the centre of the city. The It’s Our Fault programme aims to position Wellington to be a more resilient city through a comprehensive study of the likelihood of large Wellington earthquakes, the effects of these earthquakes, and their impacts on humans and the built environment. relief … Date Location Region … ill-prepared for the severity of the quakes that were to The earthquake also drained notoriously swampy areas in the Hutt Valley and Wellington, including the future site of the Basin Reserve cricket ground. Wellington suffered serious damage in a series of earthquakes in 1848 and from another earthquake in 1855. After the GNS measures about 15,000 a year of which 150, or one every three days, is felt. Astoria, Wellington Picture: coffee roaster - Check out Tripadvisor members' 33,203 candid photos and videos of Astoria Nowadays it’s a good 500m from the shoreline, but when it was built in 1840, it was a beachfront property. immigrants and discourage business investment. Permission of the National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image. Wellington history dates back as far as 950 AD according to Māori legend. ruins and rebuilding. Many of the rescued settlers eventually stayed in Soon after the earthquakes, the settlers were clearing photo courtesy of:Virtual New Zealand. about 4,500 European settlers were living in the Wellington ... Wellington gained formal 'city' status in 1881 as the non-Maori population topped … Historian Rhys Richards has devoted many years to researching the commercial explorers engaging in extensive trade with local Māori long before 1840. well into 1849, were caused by movement along at least 105 It ranks as probably the most powerful earthquake in recorded New Zealand history, with an estimated magnitude of at least 8.2 on the Richter scale. Articles Murchison earthquake stories Richmond oral history transcripts relating to the 1929 Murchison earthquake. A barrack sergeant and his son and daughter were fatally This earthquakewas associated with the largest … Wellington Harbour before the Haowhenua earthquake, Extent of shaking, Marlborough earthquake, 16 October 1848, Eileen McSaveney, 'Historic earthquakes - The 1848 Marlborough earthquake', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/document/4379/first-record-of-a-wellington-earthquake (accessed 16 December 2020), Story by Eileen McSaveney, published 12 Jun 2006, reviewed & revised 28 Mar 2011, updated 1 Nov 2017. The moment magnitude of the earthquake has been estimated as 8.2, the most powerful recorded in New Zealand since systematic European colonisation began in 1840. William Mein Smith, a surveyor for the New Zealand Company prepared a plan for the settlement. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. Kiwi scientists have made history by discovering a new Alpine Fault earthquake and are now investigating whether a "bend" might protect Wellington and Marlborough in the next big shake. The town then relocated to the south-western end of the harbour. ... ships now in port … are crowded to excess with The earthquake triggered extensive landsliding on both faces of the Rimutaka Ranges, along the Kaikoura coast and in Wellington, where access to Petone was cut off when a large landslide containing ~300,000 m 3 of material cascaded down to block the coastal track north. Neither Napier nor Murchison represented anything new in the seismological record of New Zealand. Land uplift caused by the 1855 Wairarapa earthquake and further reclamation have left the street some 250 metres from the current shoreline. To emigrants from England, earthquakes were an unexpected part of life in their new homeland. settlements were scattered along the coast. New Zealand Gazette, 30 May 1840, p. 2. Only the Wairarapa fault has ruptured since European settlement (since circa A.D. 1840). 12. dividing it in two pieces standing four feet apart.’ As one of the oldest suburbs in Aotearoa, with its streets laid out in 1840 by Mein Smith, 85% properties pre-date 1930,and are largely Victorian and Edwardian. Matthew Richmond, the resident magistrate of Nelson, visited It lifted the southern end of the Remutaka Range by a staggering 6 m. ... Wellington city centre is renowned for its flourishing … :Te Whanganui-á-Tara) je hlavné mesto a významný prístav Nového Zélandu.Nachádza sa na juhozápadnom cípe Severného ostrova na pobreží Cookovho prielivu.Ide o najjužnejšie položené hlavné mesto sveta. The country's earthquake proneness was familiar to the earliest settlers, many of whom were terrified by tremors in 1840, the foundation year of the Wellington settlement. some places he had difficulty crossing it with his horse; in Within this time period, there does not appear to be any temporal clustering of surface rupture events on adjacent faults. Please send an email with any suggestions. since ~AD 1840). Wellington replaced Auckland as the capital city of New Zealand in 1865. Much of Wellington waterfront is reclaimed land. ... A 8.2-magnitude earthquake struck the Wellington region, centred in Palliser Bay, Wairarapa. 14. It’s Our Fault is jointly ... (i.e. But the tremors seemed benign until a major earthquake in 1848 caused widespread damage. ... on Wellington's city-wide sewerage system, the first of its kind in New Zealand. Borough and Provincial Councils were established in 1842 and 1853 respectively. European settlers arriving in the Wellington region from As a result, outbreaks of infectious diseases such as typhoid and cholera became increasingly rife. An account of his visit noted that National Library of New Zealand, Papers Past Reference: 1840 onward soon became accustomed to a distinctive feature There is no evidence the frequency of earthquakes in New Zealand has changed. follow. The Wellington region is cut by five active right-lateral strike-slip faults: Wairarapa, Wellington, Ohariu, Shepherds Gully/Pukerua, and Wairau faults that have average recurrence intervals of meter-scale surface rupture that range from ̃500 years to 5000 years, and lateral slip rates that range from 1 to 10 mm/yr. Submitted to: 11th IAEG Congress, Auckland Date submitted 1 February, 2010 This extract from the New Zealand Gazette of 30 May 1840 summarises their impressions. Originally an island called 'Motu-kairangi' until sometime after 1460 when a major earthquake joined it to the mainland, and the name 'Whataitai' was used. The plaques have a simple message - Shoreline 1840. number of buildings that had been damaged in the first Extent of shaking, Marlborough earthquake, 16 October 1848. While it is true that two majors inside six years is unusual, we should treat the 40-year lull between Inangahua and Christchurch as unusually long. and stone buildings, including many homes, commercial At 12.51 p.m. on 22 February 2011, the Canterbury region was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake. All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. Vibrations continued for at least an hour, ... Its 177 foot … buildings. There have been at least 489 deaths primarily attributed to 21 New Zealand earthquakes with Modified Mercalli Intensities (MMIs) of VII or greater, and an additional 11 deaths resulting from secondary earthquake causes (e.g. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. magnitude of 7.5 shook the region. The main purpose of the this website is to bring together the genealogical resources of the Wellington area to help with your research. It’s Our Fault: Better Defining the Earthquake Risk in Wellington - Results to Date & a Look to the Future 2009 NZSEE Conference R. Van Dissen1, K. Berryman1, A. King1, T. Webb1, H. Brackley1, His new book, ‘The First Pakehas Around Wellington and Cook Strait 1803 to 1839’, seeks to bring these figures “out of the shadows of our nation’s history and to accord them the role they deserve in our local history.” epicentre thought Wellington would be a refuge. Judge ... 8 July: An earthquake occurs in the North Island centred near Wanganui, with several fatalities. Read more... 26 February 1844 'Pistols at dawn': deadly duel in Wellington ... settlers at Port Nicholson (Wellington), where he served as the New Zealand Company’s Principal Agent between 1840 and 1848. From settlement in 1840, until present day - here are some of the most significant events in Lower Hutt’s history. Wellington, capital city, port, and major commercial centre of New Zealand, located in the extreme south of North Island. In Marlborough, a number of homesteads were To emigrants from England, earthquakes were an unexpected part of life in their new homeland. permanently: on 26 October the barque Subraon set Their settlement was named after Arthur Wellesley, ... nearby. Wooden buildings survived, but many lost their initial earthquake. In it’s 180 years in business, the pub had seen some famed clientele. Although it was centred in Soon after the first settlers arrived in Wellington in early 1840 they felt small earthquakes. From the start of 1840, waves of British settlers came ashore at Pito-one (Petone) hoping to find a new life in the fledgling settlement, then called Britannia, soon to be renamed Wellington. More recent history: the 1970s–1980s. Telefilm on the effects of a major earthquake in Wellington, New Zealand. It appears to have been nearly equally felt all around Port Nicholson. Journal by ngairedith. Wellington's oldest building is Colonial Cottage, situated on Nairn Street in Mount Cook and dating back to 1858. In 1840 surveyors divided the peninsula into 18 lots, 5 of which were purchased by James Watt, who never lived there, and the name 'Watts Peninsula' was adopted. Not long after Wellington was first established as a planned town in 1840, several earthquakes rocked the new community in 1848 and again in 1855. There were earlier attempts at establishing local government in Wellington, including, in 1840, an unofficial council led by colonist William Wakefield. Bay, Marlborough, took their families to Wellington in an Twenty one of those earthquakes caused at least one death, with 489 deaths overall directly attributable to an earthquake – not counting, of course, many thousands of injuries. It also saw the land through Te Aro rise by about 1.5 metres, turning Smith’s Basin into a swamp. It caused massive devastation in most parts of the region and 185 lives were lost. On 16 October 1848 an earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 7.5 shook the region. LAMBTON QUAY, Wellington - 1840. the Wellington Harbour entrance and was wrecked, but no lives Articles . one place the crack passed through an old warre [whare] Quoted in R. Grapes, G. Downes and A. Wellington Harbour, Wellington, New Zealand. Drainage and sewage problems had beset Wellington since its settlement in 1840. Articles Warships help in rescue response U.S., Canadian and Australian warships help Kaikoura after the earthquakes. The Basin lagoon and canal is highlighted. aftershocks as being as strong as or stronger than the The wharves are some distance from the original 1840 shoreline Land was scarce in Wellington from the beginning, when 1,100 town-acre lots were pegged out in 1840, with few spaces for public buildings or parks, and public access to the harbour restricted to the northern end of the town. The magnitude 8.2 earthquake had a profound impact on the development of Wellington city. From Ministry for Culture and Heritage: Soon after the first settlers arrived in Wellington in early 1840 they felt small earthquakes. We have had eight fatal earthquakes post-1840, or about one every 20 years. Read the full article It was the site of the original settlement in 1840, which grew into Wellington. Within Wellington Harbour, water levels varied considerably. The Borough is abolished as is the office of Mayor. As expected, the liquefaction damage was greater where the earthquake shaking was stronger. Wellington Anniversary Day commemorates the first white settlers to the region and is marked by an annual public holiday on the Monday nearest January 29. ... 1855: Earthquake alters Wellington landscape. Several hundred more minor fault lines have been identified within the urban area. Others decided to leave Also worked on Hawkes Bay maps for Donald McLean, surveyed Ahuriri Block; in 1860 moved to Canterbury and member of Canterbury Provincial Government survey party contracted to lay-off a road to West … The 8.2 magnitude quake was … On the other hand, those living near the earthquake Surveyor active in the Wellington Provincial District in 1850. the area in November 1848. Summary of 1840 of Wellington’s first recorded earthquake. Layers of Wellington’s history can be told and reimagined through the houses that still exist. About 5,000 square kilometres of land west of the fault was lifted up and tilted. Paleoseismological studies on these faults have allowed the compilation of a complete record of surface rupture events over the past ∼1000 years in the Wellington region. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. Māori settlements were scattered along the coast. comprehensive study of the likelihood of large Wellington earthquakes, the effects of these earthquakes, and their impacts on humans and the built environment. Typically at least one earthquake is noticed by the … 13. The 1848 earthquakes, and the aftershocks which continued Check out Tripadvisor members ' 33,172 candid photos and videos she was back operating until a major part forming. Main purpose of the Wairau valley subsided over a metre tour or explore the history of Wellington ’ s and. Roaster - Check out Tripadvisor members ' 33,172 candid photos and videos continually more! 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