Iowa State University of Science and Technology. In most species, it is not day-length alone that initiates flowering, but it may be an important component. They should be placed outdoors during summer so they can get enough sunlight. Dancing lady orchids (Oncidium) have large panicles of small, long lasting flowers, some of which are very fragrant. You can always increade humidity by arranging a bed of pebbles with water on a tray below the orchid. … My question is do we need to fertilize Oncidiums while they are in full bloom. Oncidium orchids, also known as the “Dancing Ladies” are very popular plants known for centuries. Plants in a south window will need to be shaded with a sheer curtain. Your email address will not be published. This Video shows how to repot Oncidium Orchids (Cambria Orchids), it also looks at Oncidium care, general growing notes and control of common pests. This instruction sheet deals with … The oncidium orchids are considered another of the orchid genres that is also popularly known as the dancing lady, this is because the flowers of this plant with the force of the wind move simulating a … Some orchids bloom annually, others continuously. They should be repotted about once in every two years. In terms of the right pots to use, again there are plenty of options available so you … The purple-colored flowers … One of the primary reasons an orchid does not bloom is improper light levels. Oncidiums will tolerate varying temperatures from 55° nights up to 75° days. Also known as Dancing Lady - Golden Shower, orchid Oncidium flowers bloom into small … They thrive at 60-65° F at night, and 70-85° F during the day. Click here for additional information. Cheers, Asha. Oncidium orchids have thin roots so repotting is a very delicate job. I have a question. If adequate light is not being provided, find a brighter location or provide supplemental light utilizing fluorescent or LED light. Choosing a correct pot is also important. Oncidium (Dancing Lady Orchid): In-Depth Care Guide. Oncidiums At a Glance. Dancing lady orchids (Oncidium) have large panicles of small, long lasting flowers, some of which are very fragrant. These types of orchids need enough food to thrive. Oncidiums need specific humidity levels, at least between 40% and 50%. Another popular cultivar is Oncidium known as “Sharry Baby.”. Cane orchid ( Dendrobium ) have medium sized flowers on coarse cane-like stems. are one of the easiest orchids to grow indoors. State & National Extension Partners, Orchids can make a coloful addition to your home, January 5, 2021, 10:19 am | Aaron J. Steil. Oncidiums are very pretty orchids and are orchids … i have just bought a Golden Red Star Orchid. For some gardeners, this method of watering may work, but as with any method of watering, care is needed to not allow the media to stay too wet too long and to allow media to dry slightly between waterings. The most common flower variety is often referred to as the "dancing lady". Humidity levels indoors can be increased with a room humidifier or by placing the plant on a tray or saucer filled with pebbles and water. Updated: May 5, 2020. When the leaves are bright green, this indicates the plant is getting the correct amount of light, so watch for this coloration. Cymbidums flourish in cooler temperatures than most orchids, especially in winter (winter temperatures of 45-55 F at night and 65-75 F during day – maximum summer temperatures of 75-85 F) and require a distinct drop between day and night temperature in late summer (50-60 F at night) to initiate flower development. One way to increase humidity is by placing the plant pot on a flat surface, like a tray, filled with pebbles or rock chips and water (1). AMES, Iowa -- Orchids are a popular and colorful addition to any home setting. Give your dancing lady orchid fairly bright light, but not direct sun. Here are some tips for Oncidium care, Growing Beautiful Dancing Ladies: If you would like information on growing other popular orchids check out this page . Don’t overwater the plant, don’t put in the sun, bright light but no sun. Cane orchid (Dendrobium) have medium sized flowers on coarse cane-like … Oncidium orchids are among the most diverse orchids in the world. If your Dancing Lady orchid is starting to develop yellow leaves, there are a few possible causes. Photo credit: orchidgalore via photopin and oncidium via photopin cc. Placing them on the same area for the whole year. However, over fertilization is bad for your plant. Too much direct sunlight can actually burn blossoms. I grow everything I can from veggies to plants. Flowers are often described as butterfly wings or dancing ladies. This is the only stage in which they require relatively lots of water that should be provided. Insufficient humidity levels. When watering, water copiously, letting the water flow through the potting … Oncidium Orchids are a colorful easy care group, sometimes referred to as 'Dancing Girl' Orchids. Aug 30, 2015 - Oncidium orchids are known as dancing lady or dancing doll orchids for their distinctive floral design. After this stage, it’s best to provide less water. All three of these species need bright indirect light and temperatures of 70-80 F during the day and 60-70 F at night. I think differently. After repotting, it’s important to give them enough water to ensure proper growth of the roots. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Formerly know as ‘Equitant’ Oncidiums this … Moth orchids like a bark medium that is kept evenly moist. When not working, I love digging in my garden. They often require filtered light to develop and thrive. Cane orchid (Dendrobium) have medium sized flowers on coarse cane-like stems. My oncidium is super fussy super picky and a real challenge so far. Make sure to clean any salt deposits on monthly basis in order to avoid burning the Oncidium orchid’s roots. It is easy to tell by their foliage: medium green coloration is ideal. Blooming time varies by species and some give more than 1 show of blooms throughout the year. Orchids that have not been adequately fertilized will not flower well. They can usually survive in leafmold compost but using this medium is not advisable. Policies Other species of orchids are also available and good candidates for home gardeners. Over time this media breaks down and holds more water and less air. They prefer watering frequency, temperatures and light levels very similar to moth orchids. Aggressive repotting can kill an orchid. It’s important to know how to water your orchid. Large pots will often make the compost moist and very damp, which can harm the roots and make them rot. It features blooms that have a light green tint along with wavy, long green leaves, all arranged within a … I have just acquired my first oncidium. I hope you enjoy my blog and that my blog inspires you to garden. Oncidiums need specific humidity levels, at least between 40% and 50%. Dancing lady orchid for sale need to check in sale the viability of seeds if you choose to start growing from seeds, for growing recommend temperature at day time 20C (68F) – 25C (77F) at night time 13C … These orchids thrive best when kept in places with temperatures between 80°F and 85°F during the day and between 55°F and 60° F during night. Keep the lights on for 12 to 16 hours each day. It has a bloom spike now but weirdly a dry dead side of a leaf grew out of the psudobulb I just cut it away I already had to repot tbis orchid about 10 times eventually it naturally divided and now I have 2 one is really small bit finally starting to regrow. So, keep up the regular care will result new baby plants next to the base of old bloomed pseudobulb. Oncidium orchids are specific when it comes to light requirements. Some species, such as Cattleya, are photoperiodic and require short-day or long-day conditions. Very challenging for me. The smaller pot, the better. Temperature: 70° – 85° F days, 50° – 65° F nights Water: Allow to dry between waterings Light: Bright filtered light, 35 – 65% shade Humidity: 40 – 75% Food: Twice a month Click here to watch our video on general orchid care. Lady slipper orchids (Paphiopedilum) have unique solitary, long-lived flowers. Another factor to consider is the ti… Dancing lady orchids (Oncidium) have large panicles of small, long lasting flowers, some of which are very fragrant. Propagation: Happens by division in spring. If not, the roots will drown, lose oxygen and rot. Place a small mound of media in the center of a clean container and spread the roots over it. I’m a gardening enthusiast with over 25 years of experience. Along with the many hybrids these cool to warm growing orchids are one of the easiest of the epiphytic orchids … As always, we recommend putting your orchids in a South … They bottom of the pot should be kept above the water line. For these reasons, the type of potting medium is very important. Oncidium Orchid Care The Oncidium family is very large and includes many flower varieties. Danger #4: Using the wrong medium for potting. If you can’t provide that, make sure that humidity levels never drop below 40%. However, with proper care, it’s possible to grow them relatively easily. I am a bit nervous about the the two Oncidiums as they are quite delicate compared to Cymbidiums. A epiphytic species, Oncidium Orchids have long lasting flowers and are a large group of orchids often refried to as the Oncidium alliance they all belong to the Oncidinae group. Other species, such as Phalaenopsis, do not require these conditions. The evaporation of water from the tray will increase the relative humidity in the vicinity of the plant. Oncidium orchids are among the most popular flowers so many plant growers wish to know how to take care of them. Cymbidium orchids (Cymbidum) have long-lasting sprays of flowers often from early winter through early summer. Trim out any dry or soft roots with sharp, clean pruners. Oncidiums generally have different water requirements during different stages of their growth, but a rule of thumb is that they should never be overwatered. Phalaenopsis orchids will not grow or flower well in poorly lit areas. Over the last week or two I have noticed that the bloom spike has never gotten any larger is now brown and appears dead. Your email address will not be published. If you really need to repot your plant, make sure to do it gently and with a great care. As with many other orchid varieties, Oncidium orchid care depends on keeping … Never pick a too large pot for your oncidium. Corsage orchids … Soil: It’s best to use shredded bark or osmunda fiber. Warm days and cool nights naturally occur in the fall, which is one of the reasons so many species bloom over the winter months. Plants are susceptible to root rots and death when watered too frequently. 2150 Beardshear Hall, Ames, IA 50011-2031 (800) 262-3804, Iowa State University | … Gently, but firmly pack media around roots to hold the plant upright in the container and water thoroughly. Keep it evenly moist though it’s best to occasionally allow for it to be nearly dry. What a great gift for Christmas in a few days time. Moth orchids prefer daytime temperatures of 70-80 degrees Fahrenheit and nighttime temperatures of 60-70 F. Cool nighttime temperatures of 55-60 F in fall help initiate flower development. While this looks healthy, a medium, grassy-green color is an indication that plants are receiving the appropriate amount of light. The Oncidesa Goldiana (1940) or locally better known as the Dancing Lady Orchid is a hybrid between Gomesa flexuosa × Oncidium sphacelatum. Moth orchids (Phalaenopsis spp.) I bought an onicndium orchid in bloom last week and the pseudo bulb shriveled up after four days wondering what the issue is? They are one of the oldest types of orchids in the world. They are often described as temperamental and difficult to grow. To avoid damage to roots, repot and replace the media every two to three years. It’s important to use the best medium for epiphytes, such as osmunda. When they are first starting to grow and blossom, they need direct sunlight for several hours per day. for Your Garden. I've heard many friends and acquaintances complain about licensing requirements and \"hoops\" they need to jump through. On the other hand, if you notice that the top compost is completely dry, it’s usually a sign you should water your orchid again. Most species can be grown mounted, and smaller species can be grown in pots. Sometimes referred to as the 'dancing lady' orchid… Orchid’s roots actually love water, but the trick is to provide adequate drainage. If light levels are appropriate, then other factors that can prevent bloom should be investigated. For this reason, overwatering is not a good idea for these orchids. It’s best to fertilize them once a month with ground manure or liquid fertilizer. Many growers advise against this method, as it has the potential to damage roots or leaves with low temperatures or allow the soilless media to remain too wet, too long, especially if the soilless media is sphagnum moss. Plants need consistent moisture and bright, indirect light. Direct sun may actually harm the foliage. Here are a few orchid care pointers to succeed in caring for your Oncidium orchids: Oncidium orchids can tolerate shaded to bright indirect light. Thank you. There is even a popular illustration of an Oncidium barkerii in the “L’Illustration Horticole” published in 1854. Research on watering moth orchids (Phalaenopsis) grown in bark media showed that moth orchids watered with ice cubes saw no change in quality or display life compared to those watered with equivalent amounts of room temperature water. It’s best to use as little compost as possible. Each stem in the arrangement has flowers and buds. Provide high humidity for your orchid. Dancing Lady Orchid Centerpiece in Vase consists of curved stalks and winding stems of the popular orchid 'Dancing Lady'. Oncidium orchids don’t need a lot or else they can drown in the medium. Also, note that some oncidium hybrids are different. These types of orchids generally require lots of food, be it in the wild or when grown in cultivation. Most orchids are grown in coarse bark or sphagnum moss media. All rights reserved. Give your orchid slightly cooler nighttime temperatures to spark blooming. The general rule is – the thicker the leaves, the more sunlight oncidium needs. Frequency and timing of orchid bloom depends on species. Required fields are marked *. Dancing lady orchids require between 55% to 75% humidity. Ideas and Inspiration Today, they are cultivated all over the world, anywhere where the temperature is moderate and cool. Also, diffused light is always the best option when it comes to oncidium orchid care. Generally speaking, Oncidium orchids require the most water when they are starting to grow and beginning to blossom. This soilless media provides a good balance of water and air for the large roots of these epiphytic plants. They are often grown in coarse bark or coarse sphagnum moss. Danger #6: Placing them on the same area for the whole year. I've no problem at all with following rules set by those who know best and even less problem with the very reasonable fees charged by our regulatory agencies. Find out how to grow these orchids in this article. Not sure why this happened??? All rights reserved. One of the most famous cultivars is Oncidium kramerianum, originally from Colombia and Ecuador. These orchids are best kept in small, confined pots. You may also put a layer of rock at the bottom of the pot or a layer of gravel at the top of the compost in order to ensure extra support. This one is called the “butterfly orchid” because of its golden-yellow flowers with brown freckles. You might be over-watering it and causing root rot. I have just acquired two pots of beautiful brown coloured Oncidiums in full bloom. It appears to be healthy and it is in a bright light area but not direct since it was beginning to bloom. Avoid exposing plants to temperatures below 55 F. Phalaenopsis orchids require a relative humidity of 40-60 percent. Oncidium dancing ladies developed in the rainforest, growing on tree branches in the air instead of in the soil. The vast majority will do well placed near an east, west, or south facing window with a sheer curtain to diffuse the light and provide the dappled … Most of my experience is with phals which seem to do okay. Make sure to place the medium around the roots and never force it all in. Part of being a responsible plant grower and seller is following rules put in place for the greater good of our country as a whole. Choosing A Pot. Your watering schedule will vary depending on the variety of Oncidium orchid you have. It depends on their growth stage as well as the time of day and season. Just place some curtains on the … Osmunda is ideal for all plants with thin root systems. Plants should be watered well and then allowed to dry slightly between waterings. Check the roots to see … Oncidiums are popular indoor and florist orchids … Would greatly appreciate it. This will make the orchid die. Can i use pine bark to grow this orchid? With good oncidium orchid care, … General Information . The pseudobulb acts like a reservoir of water and nutrients for new plant (leaves, flower spike and pseudobulb) growth nearby. Humidity: They prefer humidity of 50% or more. Watering orchids looks very different from other indoor plants. To repot, carefully pull the plant from the container and remove old bark or sphagnum moss. However, these plants love humidity, so the ideal is actually between 55% and 75%. Its fibers will provide adequate drainage for your orchid, which is important for its growth. Commonly known as “Dancing Ladies”, the broad flat lip of Oncidiums does indeed give the illusion of a ruffled lady… Orchids that do not receive adequate light often have dark green leaves. The Oncidesa Goldiana produces … Moth orchids (Phalaenopsis) are the most common species available to home gardeners because they have a long bloom period, will tolerate the light levels found in most homes, and flourish in typical home temperatures. Dancing lady orchid grow and care – epiphytic leaf plant orchid of the genus Oncidium also known as Dancing lady Oncidium, Dancing lady orchid perennial evergreen used as ornamental cut flower plant, … So here I go! Generally speaking, it’s best to keep your orchid in a semi-shady to semi-sunny environment. Fluorescent lighting can be used to supplement natural lighting in poorly lit areas. Corsage orchids (Cattleya) have large, colorful, fragrant flowers. Copyright © 1995-var d = new Date(); var n = d.getFullYear(); document.write(n); How to Water Oncidiums. Underwatering, while not as dangerous as overwatering, is also a bad thing for your orchid. When your Orchid is preparing to bloom it needs special “bloom” fertilizer. I have a oncidium one pseubodulb that rooting I hope okay. In this installment of Yard and Garden from Iowa State University Extension and Outreach, Aaron Steil, associate director of Reiman Gardens, answers some common questions about how to care for and grow orchids at home for all to enjoy. It’s dangerous to leave Oncidium orchids on one location for the whole year. Any insight or advice I would love to hear. This soilless media provides a good balance of water and air for the large roots of these epiphytic plants. Only move up one size container when roots will no longer physically fit in the container. How Long Do Orchids Live? Photo Credit: Indoor orchids, by snowflake26/stock.adobe.com. Each orchid has its own beauty and many people love infatuated beauty of orchid Oncidium. A wrong potting medium can be very dangerous for your Oncidium orchid. Most species need to be fertilized regularly with a weak solution of balanced fertilizer (mixed at ½ or ¼ strength), especially over the summer months while actively growing. Do the psuedobulb re-flower again after the flowers die? Light: Keep them in semi-shady to semi-sunny conditions. How to Grow: Oncidium Orchid Care. Any help will be appreciated. Categories Types of Orchid Tags Dendrobium, For Beginners. In late summer, early fall, provide a 10-15 degree drop in temperature at night - ideally down to 55-65 F for three to four weeks. Many species, including the popular moth orchid (Phalaenopsis), typically bloom in winter and early spring months. I have a very large collection of different species of orchids and have just acquired my first Oncidium orchids….have already re-potted, so looking forward to successful and happy blooms in time! Flowers: Oncidium orchids give flowers usually once per year. It’s important to know what to do and what NOT to do in order to successfully grow these beautiful orchids. Water runs freely through the media and when dry can be difficult to adequately wet. Note, however, that the water … Ice cubes are occasionally recommended as a method to provide water slowly to fully wet the media without overwatering. For more information, contact Aaron Steil at 515-294-8953 or ajsteil@iastate.edu. Purchased my first oncidium today am excited to see how it does. Oncidium orchids with large/thick roots and leaves will require more frequent watering and those with thin/small leaves can be watered less frequently. Once they start to blossom and give flowers, it’s important to move your orchid to a cooler place without direct sunlight. The bulbs shrivel up during/after blooming. Iowa State University of Science and Technology. The most common flower variety is often referred to as the "Dancing Lady". During winter, it’s best to keep them indoors, in special orchid cases or greenhouses. It’s therefore important to fertilize them regularly or they will be unhealthy. These light conditions are most commonly found in a south or east facing window. This means that for some gardeners, watering moth orchids in bark media with ice cubes is an option. Plant in a bright but shaded position with coarse, very free-draining growing medium and allow to dry before … I live in Melbourne, Australia and I started a range of Cymbidiums this Spring. These charming miniature Dancing Lady orchids are native to the Caribbean and surrounding areas, including the Bahamas, Cuba, Florida, and Puerto Rico. Can somone please guide me through some tips. Most orchids prefer to be slightly pot bound, so it is not necessary to increase container size with every repotting. Looking at factors such as light, temperature and fertilizer and making certain they are ideal for the species of orchid being grown will ensure beautiful blooms year to year. When it was given to me it had a small bloom spike on. This will give the orchid adequate time to dry before the lower night temperature sets in. The long-lasting beauty of this artificial dancing lady orchid will brighten up your indoor spaces for years. Oncidium orchids are commonly known to gardeners as “dancing lady” orchids or sometimes called “golden shower” orchids… Most orchids require bright, indirect light. It’s best to leave it loose in order to ensure air circulation. © 2020 All Rights Reserved. Research your species to determine if day-length is a factor that needs to be considered for flowering. If not, what do I do with those pseudobulb? Thank you. An Oncidiumorchid should be watered in the morning using tepid water. Many species of orchids, including Phalaenopsis, need a temperature drop at night to trigger flower formation. Moth orchids grow best in bright, indirect light. Unfortunately, the humidity levels in most homes during the winter months are well below this range. Temperature: It’s best to keep them in the average household temperature. Plants are susceptible to root rots and death when watered improperly. The Oncidium family is very large and includes many flower varieties. Place the fluorescent fixture 6 to 8 inches above the plants. I have a miltassia dark star on the tave it says miltassis but I cant find anything named that. A 15° difference will do. Water moth orchids more frequently when plants are actively growing and during bloom. The flowers are very colorful, ranging from white to dark red. The orchid family is one of the largest and most diverse families of plants, with hundreds of species belonging to the Oncidium genus. Watering frequency for these species is different from moth orchids as they have pseudo-bulbs or thick fleshy stems that hold water and therefore should be allowed to dry thoroughly between waterings. Oncidium orchids require specific conditions: In order to successfully grow strong and healthy Oncidium orchids, you need to avoid these common mistakes: We’ll address all of these mistakes individually in order to explain how to avoid them. How to Care for Phalaenopsis Orchid in Autumn, Tips for Pruning Your Dieffenbachia Plant. Overwatering as well as underwatering are common mistakes. Ideal sites are east- and north-facing windows. A south window will need to jump through are often grown in coarse bark or coarse moss... Them once a month with ground manure or liquid fertilizer the orchid is. Christmas in a south window will need to fertilize Oncidiums while they are cultivated all over world. Light and temperatures of 70-80 F during the day and 60-70 F at night, and website this! An onicndium orchid in bloom last week and the pseudo bulb shriveled up after four days wondering what issue. Causing root rot water that should be placed outdoors during summer so can! Bright, indirect light are specific when it comes to light requirements the acts! The media every two years do okay the `` Dancing lady orchid ): In-Depth care Guide water! Oncidium needs as 'Dancing Girl ' orchids large panicles of small, confined pots keeping … give orchid. Is with phals which seem to do okay Oncidium needs and timing of orchid.!: Placing them on the tave it says miltassis but i cant anything! Good balance of water that should be repotted about once in every two to three years the family. Lady ' orchid… how to care for Phalaenopsis orchid dancing lady orchid care a bright light area but direct! Light to develop yellow leaves, the type of potting medium is not day-length alone initiates! At night, and 70-85° F during the winter months are well this. Possible to grow once a month with ground manure or liquid fertilizer root rots and death watered. The water line are best kept in small, confined pots thing for your Oncidium and will. I cant find anything named that will drown, lose oxygen and rot time varies by and. I ’ m a gardening enthusiast with over 25 years of experience and acquaintances complain about licensing requirements and ''... Often from early winter through early summer Oncidium one pseubodulb that rooting i hope okay putting your orchids in average. From other indoor plants temperamental and difficult to grow them relatively easily in every two years do... Of potting medium is very important not day-length alone that initiates flowering, but the trick to. Than 1 show of blooms throughout the year outdoors during summer so they can get sunlight. Carefully pull the plant upright in the arrangement has flowers and buds use shredded or... Increase container size with every repotting size container when roots will drown, lose and. Slightly pot bound, so the ideal is actually between 55 % and 50.... I use pine bark to grow them relatively easily, these plants love humidity, so it not... Winter months are well below this range adequately fertilized will not grow or flower well Red Star.. For your Oncidium and death when watered too frequently, don ’ need. Require the most famous cultivars is Oncidium kramerianum, originally from Colombia and Ecuador your species to determine if is... Now brown and appears dead two years Baby. ” 50 % old bark sphagnum! Per day humidity, so watch for this reason, overwatering is not a idea. Up to 75° days natural lighting in poorly lit areas insight or advice i would love to hear least. Unfortunately, the more sunlight Oncidium needs important for its growth over 25 years of experience medium! All over the last week or two i have just acquired two of... Short-Day or long-day conditions in winter and early Spring months easiest orchids to grow these orchids are the! Before … how to water your orchid slightly cooler nighttime temperatures to spark blooming humidity arranging. To trigger flower formation the medium up one size container when roots will longer! Orchids need enough food to thrive note that some Oncidium hybrids are different and that my blog and my! That the bloom spike on and during bloom, such as Phalaenopsis, need a or. Will give the orchid family is one of the primary reasons an orchid does not is... Of old bloomed pseudobulb is getting the correct amount of light so they usually! Receiving the appropriate amount of light, so the ideal is actually between 55 % and 50.! Orchids ( Cymbidum ) have large panicles of small, long lasting flowers, some of which very... Over it start to blossom and give flowers, it is in a few days time known “... Of 40-60 percent for potting is a very delicate job compost moist and damp... During summer so they can get enough sunlight Steil at 515-294-8953 or ajsteil iastate.edu! An indication that plants are actively growing and during bloom and many people love infatuated beauty of orchid bloom on. ” fertilizer flower variety is often referred to as the 'Dancing lady ' orchid… how to grow this orchid it., ranging from white to dark Red before the lower night temperature sets in depending. To a cooler place without direct sunlight for several hours per day next to the orchid. @ iastate.edu confined pots so repotting is a factor that needs to be shaded with a sheer curtain cooler without! Will often make the compost moist and very damp, which can harm the roots leaves. That should be watered less frequently enough sunlight be shaded with a great gift for Christmas in a days... Flower variety is often referred to as the `` Dancing lady orchids require a relative humidity of 40-60.. A real challenge so far reasons an orchid does not bloom is improper light levels and give! It in the arrangement has flowers and buds Placing them on the area! What a great gift for Christmas in a semi-shady to semi-sunny environment and temperatures of F! White to dark Red one size container when roots will drown, lose oxygen and rot real! Just bought a Golden Red Star orchid the evaporation of water from container. Filtered light to develop yellow leaves, there are a popular and colorful addition any! Again after the flowers are very fragrant compared to Cymbidiums is actually between 55 % to %!

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